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American foreign policy since the late 1th century had been aggressive and nationalistic. As a colonial power with increasingly valuable investments outside the country, the United Sates became more and more involved in international affairs. The United States constantly intervened in the affairs of Latin America for there economic, commercial and other benefits.
The main reasons which led the United States to intervention were that it feared the Spanish, Russians and the other European countries might gain control of Latin America. In order to protect its own interest in issued the Monroe Doctrine of 18 which instructed the European nations to stay out of the affairs of the Western Hemisphere, while the US remained virtually impregnable to foreign attack. The Monroe Doctrine eventually became one of the foundations of U.S. policy in Latin America. Secondly the Spanish American War became the turning point in the American Foreign Policy. After the war the United States was set on the path of a modern non-aristocratic empire which was chiefly oriented towards commercial and monetary gain. As a result the U.S. foreign policy was directed primarily in the pursuit of export markets.
After the Spanish American war many polices were implemented and actions were taken by the U.S. in order to promote U.S. intervention in Latin America. T. Roosevelt believed in using force to implore U.S. policies. In the effort he made the U.S. an international police force and declared that the U.S. would intervene when ever it feels necessary and will also protect its investments from other imperialist countries. This was known as the Big Stick Diplomacy of Roosevelt. An example of his meaning in this statement was when Canada wanted the Alaskan land that America owned, they were fighting over the boundaries because of gold found in the area, Roosevelt simply stated that if the boundaries would change, there would be serious consequences. Because of his problem solving method, Roosevelt was known to use Big Stick diplomacy
As conditions were becoming a bit worse for the U.S. Roosevelt, Franklin Delano established the Good Neighbor Policy which greatly improved international relations. It literally meant that the U.S. would no longer intervene in Latin America to protect private American property interests.
Taft’s Dollar diplomacy, in which Taft tried to substitute economic force in stead of military force as a result it expanded U.S. investment and stabilized them, Wilson’s Moral Diplomacy, Big Stick Diplomacy, Good Neighbor Policy some way or the other clearly show that the U.S. was chiefly directed towards monetary and commercial gains and in the steps of becoming a world power.
The U.S carried out many interventions in the Latin America and it has been said that it is its Backyard. The United States intervened in Cuba on the basis of the Teller Amendment (188) according to which the U.S. would not establish permanent control over Cuba. The amendment permitted the United States to unilaterally intervene in Cuba if it felt its interests were threatened. This amendment was not abrogated until 14. The end of Spains empire signified the rise of the U.S. Empire in the Caribbean. U.S. economic interests in Cuba were huge by the beginning of the war (Cuban independence war from Spain), more than 80 percent of the islands sugar industry was controlled by the United States. Following the Teller the Plat Amendment was put into action. This amendment prohibited Cuba from entering into any foreign agreement, it also allowed the US to intervene whenever she saw it fit, and allowed the US to set up naval bases in Cuba. This was set up to protect the $50 million worth of US investment in Cuba.
In the year 104 Roosevelt created the Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine. The doctrine justified U.S. intervention in the affairs of Latin American nations in order to ensure the stability and solvency of Latin America. An example of this interference was the American intervention in Haiti when it was not wanted. In 115 President Woodrow Wilson sent the United States Marines into Haiti following after which in the year 116, Congress ratified a treaty that would allow the US ten years of control over Haiti to maintain order and give political and economic assistance. Later in the year 118 a Haitian constitution favorable to the U.S. commercial interest was ratified.
America’s domination of the Caribbean was illustrated when it decided to build a canal across the Isthmus of Panama, which at that time belonged to Colombia. When the Colombian senate refused to allow the canal, in 10, Roosevelt encouraged and abetted a revolution that separated Panama from Colombia. As a result the new nation agreed to let the canal construction proceed and it was opened in 114. Just because the U.S would gain economical benefits by building the canal it intervened in Colombia and by giving Panama its independence it found its way out. This clearly shows that the U.S was chiefly directed to economical gains and benefits.
The first U.S. intervention in Nicaragua occurred in 10 when Marines were sent to support a revolt against Liberal general. The Marines continued to be used when deemed necessary until 1. During this period U.S. economical and commercial interests in Nicaragua grew rapidly, and many Nicaraguans increasingly resented what they viewed as unnecessary intrusion by U.S. forces. This is one of the primary ways in which U.S. intervened in most of the countries, In the beginning when the country was involved in a revolt and crisis the U.S would intervene and help the country to get through its crisis. Then it would establish its own control for economical and commercial benefit and exploit the country’s resources and gain tremendous profits.
In 11 Wilson’s tendency toward moral self-righteousness showed itself when he refused to recognized the government of Mexico because it was headed by a man whom he considered to be a murderer. When Wilson tried to use U.S. navy to block arms shipment to Mexico, several incidents took place as a result the U.S, seized Vera Curz.
Many a times the U.S. has intervened in the affairs of the Latin American countries in order to protect its interest, for monetary gains and in the process of becoming a world power.
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